HIV in children: risks, challenges and prevention

During childbirth and breastfeeding, a child can become infected with HIV.

During childbirth and breastfeeding, a child can become infected with HIV.

What you need to know:

  • HIV has no boundaries and affects all age groups equally, but it can be prevented through awareness about safe sex practices, abstinence from drug use, and using sterile needles for tattoos or piercings.
  • The key to preventing HIV from affecting more children is to educate up and coming generations about the virus, its causes, how it spreads, and how to protect themselves.  

  • Vertical transmission can occur when a mother has HIV and while breastfeeding, passes the virus to her child through breast milk.

Children living with HIV go through a slew of issues, including poor health, lack of medication, lack of supplements, stigma, and prejudice, worrying about the future, and limited access to psychological support services such as counseling centres.

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