Raila Amolo Odinga


January 7, 1945




Politician, Engineer


Son of Jaramogi Oginga Odinga. Married to Ida Oyoo Odinga. They have four children.


Education background: Early schooling at Kisumu Union Primary, then later Maranda High School for secondary education. Dropped out in 1962 and travelled to then East Germany where he was admitted at the Herder Institution. In 1965, Odinga was awarded a scholarship at the Technical School, Magdeburg, which is part of the philological faculty at the University of Leipzig in East Germany. He graduated with a Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering in 1970.

Mr Odinga, who served as Prime Minister between 2008 and 2013, returned to Kenya after completing his studies and established Standard Processing Equipment Construction and Erection Limited (later renamed East African Spectre), a company that specialises in the manufacturing of liquid petroleum gas cylinders. 

He had his first stint in public service in 1974 when he was appointed Group Standards Manager at the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KeBS) and promoted to the position of Deputy Director in 1978 until 1982 when he was detained because of his political activity. He was placed under house arrest for 7 months by the regime of former President Daniel Moi. He was later charged with treason, but was instead detained without trial for six years. During his time in detention, his mother died in 1984.

Mr Moi ordered his release on February 6, 1988, but he was re-arrested in September the same year and was once again detained. He was released on June 12, 1989, only to be incarcerated again on July 5, 1990, this time with Mr Kenneth Matiba and Mr Charles Rubia during the agitation for multi-party democracy. He was released on June 21, 1991, but fled the country for Norway the following November amid fears of another arrest.

He returned to Kenya in February 1992, and joined Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (Ford) -- where he was elected vice Chairman of the General Purposes Committee of the party. He was elected Lang'ata MP in 1992 on a Ford Kenya ticket. When his father, Mr Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, died in January 1994, he challenged Mr Michael Wamalwa Kijana as the chair of the party but lost. He resigned from Ford-Kenya to join the National Development Party (NDP).

He contested the presidency in 1997 and finished third but retained his position as Lang'ata MP. After the election, he led a merger between his party, NDP, and Mr Moi’s Kanu party. He served in Moi’s Cabinet as Energy Minister from June 2001 to 2002. In the subsequent Kanu elections, he was elected the party’s secretary-general as part of the power sharing deal of the merger.

In 2002, Mr Odinga fell out with Mr Moi after he endorsed Mr Uhuru Kenyatta as his successor. Mr Odinga and other Kanu members, including Kalonzo Musyoka, the late George Saitoti and the late Joseph Kamotho, opposed this step arguing that the then 38-year-old Mr Kenyatta was politically inexperienced and lacked the leadership qualities required to govern.

They joined the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), which later teamed up with Mr Mwai Kibaki’s National Alliance Party of Kenya (Nak), a coalition of several other parties, to form the National Rainbow Coalition (Narc) that eventually defeated Mr Kenyatta in the 2002 poll.

He later fell out with Mr Kibaki and contested the presidential election in 2007 that was marred by Kenya's deadliest post-poll violence. He was named Prime Minister in the subsequent grand coalition that was formed after the peace talks mediated by late former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Anan.

He also lost the 2013 presidential election to Mr Kenyatta. After the Supreme Court nullified the poll results, he boycotted the repeat election held on October 2017. 

Latest articles on Raila Amolo Odinga:

  1. Rivalries rock Ruto, Raila camps

    Ruto and Raila are torn between building their offensive and constantly looking back to address conflicts within their camps.

  2. Ruto allies to Raila: Stop hiding behind Karua

    Mr Gachagua said he was happy over President Kenyatta’s decision to keep off the campaign trail.

    William Ruto
  3. Azimio, Kenya Kwanza change campaign strategies

    Kenya Kwanza and Azimio coalitions have made changes to their campaign teams ahead of the August elections.

    ational Assembly Speaker Justin Muturi (right) and ANC boss Musalia Mudavadi
  4. Ruto brigade rejoices at Uhuru ‘move to avoid’ poll campaigns

    They say they would have had no option but to face the President head-on and leave him with egg on his face.

    William Ruto
  5. President to hit the campaign trail in June

    Mr Kenyatta is likely to begin the tour soon after Madaraka Day celebrations.

    Uhuru Kenyatta
  6. Election donors change tack after restrictions

    DP Ruto accused the government of planning to rig the August presidential vote

    IEBC Chairman Wafula Chebukati.
  7. Tom Mshindi: Deputies lend clarity to future style

    The choices confirm the centrality of the Kikuyu vote in deciding which tribe will govern the country in the medium term.

    Martha Karua
  8. Otieno Otieno: Raila-Karua ticket: What if BBI had passed?

    Mr Odinga turned the tables on Deputy President William Ruto in approval ratings.

    Raila Odinga and Martha Karua
  9. Return of the 'Iron lady' sets off Mt Kenya’s quiet revolution

    The Odinga-Karua ticket has seen the forceful return of the Kibaki-era politics.

    Martha Karua
  10. Scheaffer Okore: Choice of Karua a new beginning for our politics

    Ms Karua is a gamechanger in this election, no matter what direction it goes,

    Raila Odinga and Martha Karua
  11. Fred Ogola: You’ll know great leaders by the company they keep

    Let us compare the leadership styles of some of the leaders in whose hands we passed.

    raila odinga william ruto
  12. Magesha Ngwiri: Why Karua is a game-changer

    Ms Karua scores highly in government experience, having been minister for six years during President Mwai Kibaki’s administration

    Martha Karua
  13. The Karua factor in Nakuru gubernatorial race

    The choice of Ms Karua as Mr Odinga's running mate has seen some voters decamp from Kenya Kwanza Coalition.

    Lee Kinyanjui, Susan Kihika
  14. Magesha Ngwiri: Why Karua is a game-changer

    She scores highly in government experience, having been minister for six years during President Mwai Kibaki’s administration

    Martha Karua
  15. Mt Kenya boils under Ruto, Raila heat

    The battleground region with more than five million votes is on the radar of Raila and Ruto

    Ruto, Karua
  16. Donald Kipkorir: Falsehoods and political madness aside, mooted PM office is lawful

    Mr Raila Odinga has offered the office of prime minister to Mr Kalonzo Musyoka while DP William Ruto has appointed Mr Musalia Mudavadi.

    William Ruto
  17. Eric Ng'eno:

    Karua and Odinga are Kenya’s most sanctimonious and self-regarding politicians

    Raila Odinga and Martha Karua
  18. Njoki Chege: Karua and the power of a focused, competent woman

    Ms Karua is a paragon of resilience and a case study on strength and tenacity.

    Narc-Kenya leader Martha Karua
  19. Njoki Chege: Karua and the power of a focused, competent woman

    Narc-K leader is a paragon of resilience and a case study on strength and tenacity.

    Narc-Kenya leader Martha Karua


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