Raila Amolo Odinga


January 7, 1945




Politician, Engineer


Son of Jaramogi Oginga Odinga. Married to Ida Oyoo Odinga. They have four children.


Education background: Early schooling at Kisumu Union Primary, then later Maranda High School for secondary education. Dropped out in 1962 and travelled to then East Germany where he was admitted at the Herder Institution. In 1965, Odinga was awarded a scholarship at the Technical School, Magdeburg, which is part of the philological faculty at the University of Leipzig in East Germany. He graduated with a Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering in 1970.

Mr Odinga, who served as Prime Minister between 2008 and 2013, returned to Kenya after completing his studies and established Standard Processing Equipment Construction and Erection Limited (later renamed East African Spectre), a company that specialises in the manufacturing of liquid petroleum gas cylinders. 

He had his first stint in public service in 1974 when he was appointed Group Standards Manager at the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KeBS) and promoted to the position of Deputy Director in 1978 until 1982 when he was detained because of his political activity. He was placed under house arrest for 7 months by the regime of former President Daniel Moi. He was later charged with treason, but was instead detained without trial for six years. During his time in detention, his mother died in 1984.

Mr Moi ordered his release on February 6, 1988, but he was re-arrested in September the same year and was once again detained. He was released on June 12, 1989, only to be incarcerated again on July 5, 1990, this time with Mr Kenneth Matiba and Mr Charles Rubia during the agitation for multi-party democracy. He was released on June 21, 1991, but fled the country for Norway the following November amid fears of another arrest.

He returned to Kenya in February 1992, and joined Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (Ford) -- where he was elected vice Chairman of the General Purposes Committee of the party. He was elected Lang'ata MP in 1992 on a Ford Kenya ticket. When his father, Mr Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, died in January 1994, he challenged Mr Michael Wamalwa Kijana as the chair of the party but lost. He resigned from Ford-Kenya to join the National Development Party (NDP).

He contested the presidency in 1997 and finished third but retained his position as Lang'ata MP. After the election, he led a merger between his party, NDP, and Mr Moi’s Kanu party. He served in Moi’s Cabinet as Energy Minister from June 2001 to 2002. In the subsequent Kanu elections, he was elected the party’s secretary-general as part of the power sharing deal of the merger.

In 2002, Mr Odinga fell out with Mr Moi after he endorsed Mr Uhuru Kenyatta as his successor. Mr Odinga and other Kanu members, including Kalonzo Musyoka, the late George Saitoti and the late Joseph Kamotho, opposed this step arguing that the then 38-year-old Mr Kenyatta was politically inexperienced and lacked the leadership qualities required to govern.

They joined the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), which later teamed up with Mr Mwai Kibaki’s National Alliance Party of Kenya (Nak), a coalition of several other parties, to form the National Rainbow Coalition (Narc) that eventually defeated Mr Kenyatta in the 2002 poll.

He later fell out with Mr Kibaki and contested the presidential election in 2007 that was marred by Kenya's deadliest post-poll violence. He was named Prime Minister in the subsequent grand coalition that was formed after the peace talks mediated by late former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Anan.

He also lost the 2013 presidential election to Mr Kenyatta. After the Supreme Court nullified the poll results, he boycotted the repeat election held on October 2017. 

He ran for president again in 2022 but lost to William Ruto. Dr Ruto garnered 50.49 percent of the vote against Raila Odinga's 48.85 percent. Mr Odinga challenged the results at the Supreme Court. However, the seven-judge bench upheld Dr Ruto's win. The court said it found no evidence of hacking and that no evidence was produced to show that Mr Chebukati and other IEBC staff were involved. 

Latest articles on Raila Amolo Odinga:

  1. PREMIUM William Ruto, Raila Odinga and 32 years of love, hate and political thrillers

    Here is a look at key moments and events that have defined the relationship between Ruto and Raila.

    William Ruto and Raila Odinga
  2. PREMIUM Governor Orengo: Why I'm siding with striking doctors

    Unlike Orengo, some county bosses have threatened to fire or not pay doctors on strike.

    James Orengo
  3. PREMIUM Why Raila Odinga mulls consensus in ODM Party elections

    Odinga chaired an NEC meeting that ratified changes to ODM's electoral body.

    Raila and ODM elections
  4. Most Kenyans support Raila's bid for AUC job: Infotrak

  5. Raila allied MCAs give themselves majority committee slots

    Others, branded as Kenya Kwanza sympathisers, have been de-whipped.

    Kisumu County Assembly
  6. PREMIUM Karua: I'm best suited to succeed Raila in Azimio

    Ms Karua has dismissed Wiper’s Kalonzo Musyoka as lacking the authority to step into Mr Odinga’s shoes.

    Martha Karua
  7. PREMIUM Uhuru now alleges political betrayal. What's up?

    Mr Kenyatta lashes out at unnamed individuals, warning they will not go far with their betrayal.

    Former President Uhuru Kenyatta
  8. PREMIUM 'Truthful man' cuts new political image

    DP Gachagua has been holding regular meetings with MPs from his political backyard.

    Rigathi Gachagua
  9. Raila AU bid: Ruto secures Ghana's support

    President Nana Akufo-Addo pledges to support Mr Odinga’s candidacy.

    William Ruto and Nana Akufo-Addo
  10. Raila: I won’t let divisive leaders ruin ODM

    ODM leader warns party members over succession wrangles.

    Raila Odinga
  11. Raila convenes ODM crunch meeting

    Two camps emerged in ODM when former PM declared interest in the chairmanship of AUC.

    Raila Odinga
  12. PREMIUM Nadco report: The Raila, Ruto big divide

    Raila’s camp has accused Kenya Kwanza of secret plot to sabotage Nadco report.

    Ruto Nadco
  13. Shuttle diplomacy for Raila AUC bid starts

    The process will involve the presidency, the candidate and his team.

    Raila Odinga
  14. PREMIUM ‘Kanu curse’ now haunts ODM in new Raila replacement push

    Some see Raila’s AU bid as the opportunity to upgrade their stature.

    Wycliffe Oparanya, Opiyo Wandayi, Hassan Joho and John Mbadi.
  15. Kalonzo claims plot by gov't to sideline opposition in IEBC selection

    They claim that there are hidden cards in play which risks to finally stop the process.

  16. PREMIUM Why opposition has reignited debate on Sh200bn Saudi oil deal

    Kenya paid over Sh210 billion to three Gulf companies under a G2G import credit scheme.

    President Ruto in Riyadh
  17. Rowdy youths deface UDA office

    Facility opened in Raila's backyard of Bondo.

  18. Rowdy youths deface UDA office

    Facility opened in Raila's backyard of Bondo.

    UDA Bondo
  19. Gender reflections on future UDA presidential tickets

    Ruto promised that the party's candidates and their running mates will not be of the same gender.

  20. State’s big plan for Raila AU job bid

    Plans underway for a fully fledged campaign secretariat and budget.

    Raila Odinga