Manifestos herald return of the clash of ideologies in Kenya

Nasa leader Raila Odinga (left) addresses supporters during the launch of the coalition's manifesto at Water Front Ngong Racecourse on June 27, 2017. President Uhuru Kenyatta speaks during the launch of Jubilee Party manifesto at Safaricom Kasarani stadium on June 26, 2017. Manifestos are predictive and prescriptive of change. PHOTOS | NATION MEDIA GROUP

What you need to know:

  • Manifestos suggest the course of action or the pathway to the preferred form of power or the future order of things.
  • A pervading, but erroneous rendition of African societies, is that “tribalism” not ideology drives politics.

Manifestos are inescapably and potently ideological.

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