Record ruling as court fines Chinese man Sh20M for ivory smuggling

Tang Yong Jian (C), 40, a Chinese national, at a Nairobi court on January 27, 2014 after he was arrested trying to smuggle 3.4 kg of raw elephant ivory through Kenya on transit to Guangzhou, China from Mozambique. He faces a fine of not less than Sh20M or life imprisonment or both. AFP PHOTO/Tony KARUMBA

What you need to know:

  • Tang Yong Jian, 40, was ordered to pay Sh20 million or be jailed for seven years.
  • Under the new law, dealing in wildlife trophies carries a minimum fine of Sh1 million or a minimum jail sentence of five years, or both.
  • The most serious wildlife crimes -- the killing of endangered animals -- now carry penalties of life imprisonment, as well as fines of up to Sh20 million.

A Kenyan court has slapped a record sentence on a Chinese ivory smuggler, the first person to be convicted under tough new laws designed to stem a surge in poaching.

Tang Yong Jian, 40, was ordered to pay Sh20 million or be jailed for seven years.

He was arrested last week carrying an ivory tusk weighing 3.4 kilogrammes (7.5 pounds) in a suitcase while in transit from Mozambique to China via Nairobi.

A spokesman for the Kenya Wildlife Service, which manages the country's celebrated national parks, welcomed the verdict.

"It's a landmark ruling that sets a precedent for those involved in smuggling," Paul Udoto told AFP, saying stricter sentences will make the "killing of wildlife a high cost business".

"It's a remarkable precedent," he said, explaining that the fact that smugglers were previously punished with "a slap on the wrist" was demoralising for park rangers.

TRANSIT POINT

"It's very motivating for our rangers" to see poachers "lose a lot of money and spend long terms in Kenyan prisons," he said.

Kenya is a key transit point for ivory smuggled from across the region.

Poaching has risen sharply in Africa in recent years, with rhinos and elephants particularly hard-hit.

Under the new law, which came into force a month ago, dealing in wildlife trophies carries a minimum fine of a million shillings or a minimum jail sentence of five years, or both.

The most serious wildlife crimes -- the killing of endangered animals -- now carry penalties of life imprisonment, as well as fines of up to Sh20 million.

Previously, punishment for the most serious wildlife crimes was capped at a maximum fine of Sh40,000 and a possible jail term of up to 10 years.

Some smugglers caught in Kenya with a haul of ivory were even fined less than a dollar apiece.

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