Growing garlic, from soil to market

Garlic. Unlike other niche market crops, garlic is not hard to grow because there are a few important requirements that can be easily met, such as fertile well-drained soil, adequate moisture and planting the right seeds. FILE PHOTO | NATION MEDIA GROUP

What you need to know:

  • It is advisable to plant garlic in double rows or in wide beds of four to six rows with 10 to 20cm between plants. Tighter spacing in the beds will produce a greater number of smaller bulbs for a higher yield in terms of tonnage per square foot of land.
  • Since most of these major garlic diseases are soil-borne, proper site assessment and yearly rotations are crucial in maintaining a healthy farm. Prevention is of paramount importance as controlling soil-borne diseases and nematodes can be very expensive.
  • Garlic bulbs are usually cured before storage for three to four days under a shade. This involves the provision of adequate ventilation and dry air to harvested garlic so that the storage quality of the crop is improved.

There are so many prospective farmers looking for information on garlic. This is very clear from my four-year experience as an agribusiness consultant specialising on the crop.


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