Tracing the emergence of Eritrea as the Horn’s biggest strategic power

Isaias Afwerki and Abiy Ahmed

Eritrea's President Isaias Afwerki (left) and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed upon the latter's arrival for a bilateral meeting at Asmara International Airport in Asmara on March 25, 2021.

What you need to know:

  • One of Africa’s most centralised states, Eritrea has not held any elections since independence.
  • Elections have been postponed indefinitely since the 1998-2000 border war with Ethiopia.

Ethiopia has in recent years emerged as the most influential strategic actor in the Horn. Since 2018, the Horn’s second smallest state after Djibouti has been the giant spider weaving the web of geopolitics in the region, with an inordinately huge geo-strategic influence, especially over Ethiopia and Somalia. 

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