Hybrid power model has put Kenya on top

Uhuru Kenyatta and Raila Odinga

President Uhuru Kenyatta and ODM leader Raila Odinga exit a home after launching the Last Mile connectivity project in Yala, Siaya County on May 30, 2021.

Photo credit: Ondari Ogega | Nation Media Group

What you need to know:

  • If the Last-Mile Connectivity Project is a top-down electrification model, then its bottom-up equivalent is the Kenya Off-Grid Solar Access Project (Kosap).
  • Kenya’s success is not hinged on a single model but a hybrid of bottom-up (Kosap), spearheaded by the private sector and development partners, and top-down (Last Mile).

Two models — top-down and bottom-up — have guided the electrification of the country. Power Africa, the signature project for Africa by former US President Barack Obama, aims at producing 30,000 megawatts of electricity to create 60 million new connections and reach 300 million Africans by 2030. After reading their recently released report, “Off-Grid Solar Market Assessment”, I surmised that both models have made us a leader in electrification in Africa.


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