If fossil fuel emission is not controlled in the next couple of years, more people, particularly children, will suffer from diseases related to air pollution and other infectious diseases.
A report published in the journal Lancet stated that while air pollution affected every human, children suffered more because they absorbed more of the toxic air than adults due to the way they were made: their hearts beat faster.
Fine particulate matter, or PM2.5, air pollution has been implicated in low birth weight and chronic respiratory infections such as asthma. This is the air that arises from burning fossil fuels such as firewood and coal.
The Environment ministry also links the particulate matter to indiscriminate burning of solid wastes in residential areas and forest fires. The ministry estimates more than five million Kenyans living in major towns are directly exposed to toxic emissions.