Caption for the landscape image:

How refugees became weapons in Congo conflict

Congolese people carry their belongings as they flee from their villages around Sake in Masisi territory, following clashes between M23 rebels and the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on February 7, 2024.

Photo credit: Arlette Bashizi | Reuters

What you need to know:

  • The history of Rwanda and DRC is such that past and present conflicts on either side have left each hosting refugees from the other.
  • UNHCR, estimates that around 81,000 Congolese have found refuge in Rwanda, while 209,000 Rwandans are refugees in the DRC.
  • Last May, Rwanda and DRC agreed to hold talks on the sustainable return of Congolese and Rwandan refugees to their respective countries.